Saturday, June 27, 2015

Cuckoo for Keukenhof: The Garden of Dutch Bulb Growers

I wasn't sure I wanted to visit what I thought might be a kind of "Disney Bulb Land" at the famous Dutch public garden of Keukenhof, but I'm glad I did.  After all, the story of bulb flora culture, especially tulips, is inextricably linked to the history of the Netherlands.  Most of Keukenhof's displays are designed by bulb companies.  Massing a single bulb variety seems to predominate, but they also demonstrate less rigid planting schemes.  Impressive mature shrubs and trees grow throughout the almost 80 acres of about 7 million bulbs and help to moderate what otherwise could be bulb over-stimulation. Several indoor pavilions were stuffed with extravagant displays of orchids and lilies, and a rather wimpy exhibit told the history of Tulipmania. 

Two connecting buses, about an hour ride total from Amsterdam, got me to Keukenhof.  (You can also take the train.) I visited in early May when there was still plenty in bloom and took these pictures with my cell phone, as I had filled the card on my camera and forgotten to bring an extra one.

This planting combination included single and double hybrids and species tulips, muscari, and anemone.  As one of the gardeners I spoke to told me, they can get about 9 weeks  of bloom out of some of the mixed plantings, which are so dense you need to get close to notice everything that is there.   

It's not just the bulbs, but the "window dressing" is pretty spectacular as well.  I love the geometry of these clipped trees and hedges, which set off displays of older varieties and species bulbs in this section.
An allee of Chestnut trees

A couple favorite old bulb varieties: Tulipa saxatilis, which produced the cultivar 'Lilac Wonder.' The straight species is native to Crete and western Turkey.  Below it is Narcissus triandrus, native to France, Spain and Portugal, a dainty daffodil producing multiple flowers on a single stem and commonly known as Angel's Tears because of the drooping flowers.  'Thalia' is commonly known cultivar.  

A staute of 16th century botanist Carolus Clusius (aka Charles de l'Ecluse) sits in the historic section of Keukenhof.   He established one of the earliest botanical gardens in Leyden and is credited with laying the foundation for the Dutch bulb trade. (More about him here.)  Tulipa clusiana 'Cynthia' is cultivar worth trying.    

At the edge of Kuekenhof is a classic Dutch view of the surrounding bulb fields -- here a swath of tomato-red--and the very flat, open terrain.

This was an amusing bit of fakery.  Don the hat, pick up the brush and palette, dab at the canvas provided and you can appear to be an artiste en plein air!   Pretty convincing, eh?  

A variety of containers

Not my favorite color combination, but I appreciate the variety of plants -- Euphorbia (polychroma?), Heuchera, Geranium 'Samabor', and Alchemila mollis.

Accompanying succulents!

And here too. 
Building the Lily display

Our native Cypripedium was represented in the Orchid display 

Those dark figures are women in burqas

A rain storm didn't keep this intrepid gardener from his work slicing off stems of spent flowers to keep things tidy.  Two gardeners (both men) told me that 50 gardeners plant all the bulbs starting the first of October and finishing by the end of December.  It is now done by machine, but not that long ago was done by hand.  Both of them have been at Keukenhof for about 20 years.  Once finished, all the bulbs are ripped out and discarded.  

The effects of botrytis, a common tulip fungus, is why hybrid tulip plantings in many public spaces and gardens are dug up and thrown out after blooming.  (It is done here in the Washington, DC.) The fungus is difficult to control and prevents many of the hybrids from re-blooming reliably from year to year.  For regular bloom, the smaller species tulips are a better choice, though, as Keukenhof demonstrates, you can't beat the showiness of a hybrid tulips.